Different Stages in Rehabilitation Process
The definition of a sound rehabilitation plan for any disabled individual is largely derived from the physical restoration, both immediate and potential, that can best result from the inclusion of adequate medical services in the rehabilitation programme and from the strict adherence to the safe guards against incurring additional disabilities or aggravating existing disabilities that may be indicated through proper physical examination and follow up.
Physical disability combined with social and cultural impediments exert limitations on the normal development and functioning of the psychic life of the individual. The primary task of education for a handicapped child is to prepare him for adjustment to a socio-cultural environment designed to meet the needs of the normal. Therefore, it is essential, that the education of handicapped children should be an inseparable part of the general educational system.
Vocational training may be defined as any course of training, the objective of which is the attainment of a skill or a body of knowledge required by an occupation. It includes proper selection of candidates, proper investigation of jobs and proper training. For the disabled, who has to compete in the open labour market against the prejudices of the employer and co-workers, equipment with a specific skill is the only alternative.
The rehabilitation process is complete only when a disabled person has been placed in remunerative and congenial employment. Education and training lead nowhere, unless they are followed by employment.
Social Integration /Social Inclusion
Integration of handicapped persons in the community as normal and full-fledged members is the ultimate goal and most desired result of rehabilitation. It involves mutual adjustment, participation and acceptance by both the handicapped and non handicapped sections of the society.